Applied relaxation vs. cognitive therapy in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder.
Swedish researchers find that both relaxation and cognitive therapy are extremely effective for treating generalized anxiety disorder, and results from relaxation get even better after a year
In a randomized, clinical trial, researchers from the Department of Psychology at Stockholm University, Sweden, investigated the efficacy of applied relaxation (AR) and cognitive therapy (CT), in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder.
The results showed that both treatments yielded large improvements, which were maintained, or furthered at follow-up. There was no difference between AR and CT on any measure. The drop-out rate was 12% for AR and 5% for CT. The proportions of significantly improved patients were 53% and 62% at post-treatment, and 67% and 56% at follow-up for AR and CT, respectively.
Besides affecting generalized anxiety the treatments also yielded marked and lasting changes on ratings of worry, cognitive and somatic anxiety and depression.
The study concludes that both AR and CT have potential as treatments for generalized anxiety disorder but they have to be developed further in order to increase the efficacy to the level usually seen in panic disorder, 80-85% clinically improved.
Citation: Ost LG, Breitholtz E. Applied relaxation vs. cognitive therapy in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder. Behavioral Research and Therapy. 2000 Aug; 38 (8): pp. 777-90.
Psychotherapist, author and guided imagery pioneer Belleruth Naparstek is the creator of the popular Health Journeys guided imagery audio series. Her latest book on imagery and posttraumatic stress, Invisible Heroes: Survivors of Trauma and How They Heal (Bantam Dell), won the Spirituality & Health Top 50 Books Award