Eating Disorders (4)
Belgian researchers from the University Psychiatric Center, KULeuven Campus in Kortenberg investigated the efficacy of a manualized cognitive-behavioral (CBT) approach for patients with obesity and binge eating disorder (BED), on the short and longer term.
Investigators used a prospective study without a control group, consisting of three measurements (a baseline measurement and two follow-up assessments, up to 5 years after the start of the CBT treatment).
A total of 56 patients with obesity and BED (mean age = 39.7 ± 10-9 years; body mass index [BMI] = 38.5 ± 8.3 kg/m (2)) participated in the study.
BMI, number of binges per week, general psychological well-being, mood, attitude toward one's body, and loss of control over the eating behavior were evaluated by means of mixed models.
Researchers from Seattle Children's Hospital ran a pilot study designed to assess the impact of individualized yoga treatment on adolescents receiving outpatient care for diagnosed eating disorders (anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, eating disorder not otherwise specified).
A total of 50 girls and 4 boys, aged 11-21 years, were randomized to an 8-week trial of standard care (n = 27) vs. individualized yoga therapy (n = 26) plus standard care. Standard care consisted of an appointment every other week with a physician and/or dietician. (This arm was offered yoga after completion of the study as an incentive to maintain participation.)
Citation: Esplen MJ, Garfinkel PE, Olmsted M, Gallop RM, Kennedy S. A randomized controlled trial of guided imagery in bulimia nervosa.Psychol Med 1998 Nov;28(6):1347-57.
There was a therapist-led condition, where the psychologist provided psycho-educational information for the first half hour and led a group discussion for the second half hour of each session; there was a partial self-help condition, where participants viewed a 30-min psycho-educational videotape, followed by a therapist-led discussion; and finally, there was a structured self-help condition, where participants watched a psycho-educational videotape and led their own discussion.