Researchers from Baylor University and the University of Michigan examined the effect of hypnotic relaxation therapy on sexual dysfunction in postmenopausal women. This was a secondary outcome from a larger randomized, controlled trial.
Sexual dysfunction was measured by the Sexual Activity Questionnaire (SAQ).
Significant improvement in sexual pleasure, and remediation of discomfort were reported after five weekly sessions of hypnotic relaxation therapy, as compared to those in the attention control group.
Researchers from the University of Athens examined the effectiveness of an eight-week stress-management intervention program, which included progressive muscle relaxation, diaphragmatic breathing, guided imagery and cognitive restructuring, in overweight and obese children and adolescents.
Forty-nine children and adolescents (mean age ± SEM: 11.15 ± 1.48 years) were recruited to participate in this randomized controlled study. Of those, 23 participants were assigned into the intervention group, while 26 participants represented the control group.
Researchers from several German universities conducted a systematic review to evaluate the efficacy, acceptability and safety of guided imagery/hypnosis for fibromyalgia.
Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing GI/H with controls were analyzed.
Primary outcomes showed gains in pain relief (≥ 50%), quality of life, psychological distress, disability, acceptability and safety at end of therapy and 3-month follow-up.
Researchers from Cyprus University of Technology explored the effect of Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) and Guided Imagery (GI) in reducing anxiety levels among parents of children diagnosed with any type of malignancy receiving active treatment at a pediatric oncology Unit.
In this randomized, non-blinded, controlled trial, 54 eligible parents were randomly assigned to either the intervention group (PMR and GI) (n = 29) or a control group (n = 25), where changes in anxiety levels (HAM-A) and mood (POMSb) were assessed.
Researchers from King’s College, London and Curtin University, Perth, compared two approaches to reducing worry in people with Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). In one group, volunteers with GAD practiced replacing the usual form of worry with images of possible positive outcomes; in the other group, the same positive outcomes were represented verbally. A control group generated positive images not related to worries.
Participants received training in their designated method and then practiced it for one week, after which they were reassessed. Four weeks later, they completed follow-up questionnaires.
Six critical care nurses from the Beaumont Hospital System in Royal Oak, Michigan examined the impact of guided imagery and clinical massage on the pain, anxiety and sleep quality of 288 in-patients in 2 floors dedicated to Progressive Care (otherwise known as the Step-Down Unit, a mid-way place between intensive care and regular care on a med-surg floor).
On one floor, each patient was offered daily a 15-minute complimentary clinical massage On the other floor, patients were offered a 30-minute guided imagery recording.
Investigators from the California School of Professional Psychology at Alliant University, Fresno campus conducted a meta-analysis to determine the efficacy of hypnotherapy techniques in reducing symptoms of posttraumatic stress.
Altogether, 81 studies were reviewed for inclusion criteria. Only the outcomes of six studies representing 391 participants met the inclusion criteria and were analyzed for this report.
Evaluation of effect sizes related to the PTS cluster symptoms of avoidance and intrusion, in addition to overall PTSD scores after hypnotherapy treatment, revealed that all studies showed hypnotherapy to have a positive impact on PTSD symptoms.
Researchers from Baylor University conducted a systematic review to see if hypnosis was an effective intervention for comfort management during painful medical procedures.
Results from 29 RCTs (randomized, controlled, clinical trials) met the inclusion criteria and were evaluated for this review.
The investigators found that hypnosis did reduce acute procedural pain, compared to standard care and attention control groups; and that it was found to be at least as effective as comparable adjunct psychological or behavioral therapies.
Researchers from Cardiff University, Trinity College and University College London in the U.K., conducted a pilot study investigating the impact of Neurofeedback (NF) and Motor Training (MOT) on the brain networks that could improve motor and non-motor symptoms in Parkinson’s Disease patients.
This 10-week small Phase I randomized controlled trial had 30 PD patients participating. Group One (n = 15) received real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (rt-fMRI) with motor training. Group Two received motor training alone.
Researchers from the University of Washington School of Nursing conducted a systematic review of studies using telehealth interventions that focused on well-being outcomes for family caregivers.
The initial search for studies produced 65 articles that met the inclusion criteria. The articles included 52 experimental studies, 11 evaluation studies, one case study and one secondary analysis.
Thirty-three articles focused on family caregivers of adult and older patients, while 32 articles focused on parental caregivers of pediatric patients.