A University of North Carolina researcher conducted a systematic review of studies on the efficacy of hypnotherapy on gastrointestinal disorders, finding 35 studies, including 17 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that assessed clinical outcomes.
Twenty-four of the studies tested hypnotherapy for adult irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and 5 focused on IBS or abdominal pain in children.
Researchers from the University of Buenos Aires examined responses to three different kinds of stress management programs for undergraduate students. Fifty-two students were randomly assigned to one of three stress management programs.
The first included deep breathing, the relaxation response, meditation, and guided imagery techniques (RRGI). The second program offered training in cognitive behavioral techniques (CB). The third program offered a combination of both RRGI and CB (RRGICB).
Researchers from the School of Nursing at California State University, Fullerton, examined the impact of an eight-week relaxation guided imagery intervention on the sleep quality of 20 mothers of hospitalized, preterm infants.They also looked at the association between sleep quality and maternal distress (perceived stress, depressive symptoms and state anxiety).
Mothers received a CD with three 20-minute relaxation/guided imagery recordings and were asked to listen to at least one of the tracks daily for eight weeks.
Researchers from Mashhad University of Medical Sciences in Mashhad, Iran, investigated the effect of guided imagery on maternal-fetal attachment in 67 nulliparous women (women with no children) experiencing an unplanned pregnancy. The average woman’s age was 24 years, and most had a high school education.
The women were randomly divided into two intervention groups (n=35) and a control group (n=32). Assessment measures included a demographic form and London, DASS 21, and the Cranley Maternal-Fetal Attachment Questionnaire.
Researchers from the University of Wisconsin examined the effects of a guided imagery intervention on the perceived stress of pregnant adolescents.
Thirty-five pregnant adolescents, recruited from a local alternative education program, participated in a guided imagery intervention, listening to a pregnancy-specific guided imagery recording on four separate occasions during their pregnancies.
Researchers from New York Medical College, Columbia University and Weill Cornell Medical College evaluated the impact of the Breath-Body-Mind Workshop (BBMW) (breathing, movement, and meditation) on psychological and physical symptoms, as well as inflammatory biomarkers in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
Twenty-nine IBD patients from the Jill Roberts IBD Center were randomized to BBMW or an educational seminar. Measures were taken at baseline and weeks 6 and 26, using the Beck Anxiety Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory, Brief Symptom Inventory 18, IBD Questionnaire, Perceived Disability Scale, Perceived Stress Questionnaire, Digestive Disease Acceptance Questionnaire, Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire. In addition, C-reactive protein, fecal calprotectin and other physiological measures were obtained as well.
Researchers from Duke University Medical Center and the University of North Carolina conducted a study where 151 outpatients with coronary heart disease were randomized to 12 weeks of either Comprehensive Cardiac Rehab (CR) alone or Comprehensive Cardiac Rehab combined with Stress Management Training (CR+SMT).
Biomarkers for stress and coronary heart disease were collected before and after treatment. A matched sample of eligible patients who did not receive CR made up the no-treatment comparison group.
All participants were followed up for up to 5.3 years (median of 3.2 years) for adverse clinical events, i.e., heart attacks.
Researchers from Geneva University in Switzerland investigated whether self-hypnosis for pain management is as effective with hospitalized older adults as it is known to be with younger populations.
They compared the impact of hypnosis with massage with 53 hositalized older adults (mean age 80.6 yrs, 14 men, 39 women) suffering from chronic pain for 3 months or more. Twenty-six were randomized to the hypnosis group, and 27 to the massage group.
Researchers from France, Brazil and Madrid looked at how motor imagery improves performance in sports, as affected by varying states of fatigue. Specifically, they examined when dynamic motor imagery (dMI) (or imagined action with simultaneous movement of the body), provides greater benefit than traditional static motor imagery (sMI), or imagined action without its physical execution.
It’s good to see so much new research on the positive impact of guided imagery on people undergoing chemotherapy these days. It seems to be coming from all over the world. A few weeks ago we posted a study from Cyprus. Now here’s one from Taiwan.
Researchers from Mackay Memorial Hospital in New Taipei City, Taiwan, evaluated the impact of relaxation with guided imagery on patients with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy.