Researchers from King’s College, London and Curtin University, Perth, compared two approaches to reducing worry in people with Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). In one group, volunteers with GAD practiced replacing the usual form of worry with images of possible positive outcomes; in the other group, the same positive outcomes were represented verbally. A control group generated positive images not related to worries.
Participants received training in their designated method and then practiced it for one week, after which they were reassessed. Four weeks later, they completed follow-up questionnaires.
Six critical care nurses from the Beaumont Hospital System in Royal Oak, Michigan examined the impact of guided imagery and clinical massage on the pain, anxiety and sleep quality of 288 in-patients in 2 floors dedicated to Progressive Care (otherwise known as the Step-Down Unit, a mid-way place between intensive care and regular care on a med-surg floor).
On one floor, each patient was offered daily a 15-minute complimentary clinical massage On the other floor, patients were offered a 30-minute guided imagery recording.
Investigators from the California School of Professional Psychology at Alliant University, Fresno campus conducted a meta-analysis to determine the efficacy of hypnotherapy techniques in reducing symptoms of posttraumatic stress.
Altogether, 81 studies were reviewed for inclusion criteria. Only the outcomes of six studies representing 391 participants met the inclusion criteria and were analyzed for this report.
Evaluation of effect sizes related to the PTS cluster symptoms of avoidance and intrusion, in addition to overall PTSD scores after hypnotherapy treatment, revealed that all studies showed hypnotherapy to have a positive impact on PTSD symptoms.
Researchers from Baylor University conducted a systematic review to see if hypnosis was an effective intervention for comfort management during painful medical procedures.
Results from 29 RCTs (randomized, controlled, clinical trials) met the inclusion criteria and were evaluated for this review.
The investigators found that hypnosis did reduce acute procedural pain, compared to standard care and attention control groups; and that it was found to be at least as effective as comparable adjunct psychological or behavioral therapies.
Researchers from Cardiff University, Trinity College and University College London in the U.K., conducted a pilot study investigating the impact of Neurofeedback (NF) and Motor Training (MOT) on the brain networks that could improve motor and non-motor symptoms in Parkinson’s Disease patients.
This 10-week small Phase I randomized controlled trial had 30 PD patients participating. Group One (n = 15) received real-time functional magnetic resonance imaging (rt-fMRI) with motor training. Group Two received motor training alone.
Researchers from the University of Washington School of Nursing conducted a systematic review of studies using telehealth interventions that focused on well-being outcomes for family caregivers.
The initial search for studies produced 65 articles that met the inclusion criteria. The articles included 52 experimental studies, 11 evaluation studies, one case study and one secondary analysis.
Thirty-three articles focused on family caregivers of adult and older patients, while 32 articles focused on parental caregivers of pediatric patients.
Australian researchers from the University of New England in Armidale, Australia investigated whether mindfulness training is helpful to competitive cyclists with sport-specific anxiety, pessimism, and general experience of flow.
Cyclists were assigned to an eight-week mindfulness intervention, which incorporated a mindful spin-bike training component, or a wait-list control condition. Participants completed baseline and post-test measures of mindfulness, flow, sport-anxiety, and sport-related pessimism.
German researchers from University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf and University Hospital Freiburg examined the feasibility of patients with psychosis benefiting from a self-help program of mindfulness therapy.
Ninety patients with psychosis were randomly assigned to either a mindfulness group or a Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) control group. They received their respective self-help manuals, including accompanying audio files.
Changes in symptoms were measured at baseline and six weeks later, with self-rating scales, including the Paranoia Checklist.
A team of researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York tested whether hypnosis could be a useful intervention in the management of painful HIV neuropathic pain.
This is the most common nervous system disorder in HIV patients, and one that adversely affects quality of life. No interventions have been shown to be consistently effective in treating this, known as HIV-DSP (distal sensory polyneuropathy).
Ninety consecutive patients with chronic tension-type headache (CTTH) were randomly assigned to acupuncture, relaxation training or physical training.
Researchers from Göteborg Universityin Göteborg, Sweden.compared the impact of acupuncture, relaxation training and physical training on the treatment of CCTH.
Measures of headache intensity, headache-free days and headache-free periods were taken 4 weeks before the intervention, immediately after it, and 3 and 6 months post-treatment, using a visual analogue scale and a headache diary.