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Women's Health/OBGYN Research

Women's Health/OBGYN Research (41)

08 Mar

Researchers from the University of Miami find that group cognitive-behavioral stress management improves the quality of life in breast cancer patients, the most powerful component being the ability to relax at will.

Researchers from the University of Miami tested a 10-week group cognitive-behavioral stress management intervention among 199 women newly treated for non-metastatic breast cancer, following them for 1 year after recruitment.

19 Jul

A newly published study from Perioperative Services at Concord Hospital in New Hampshire of 84 patients undergoing gynecologic laparoscopy that looked at the effects of two interventions - guided imagery and music - on post-operative pain, nausea and vomiting (PONV) and length of stay (LOS), showed that patients in both the guided imagery and music groups had significantly less pain on PACU discharge to home than controls. The audio recordings used in the study were from Health Journeys.
26 Jan

Two-thirds of women treated for breast cancer followed their conventional medical therapy with one or more CAM (complementary and alternative) therapies, and most especially relaxation/meditation, herbs, spiritual healing and megavitamins.

More and more women are now successfully being treated for breast cancer, and wind up searching for ways to hedge their bets on staying strong and well after treatment is completed. A recent survey out of Western Oregon University asked 551 ex-breast cancer patients about their use of 15 different complementary and alternative (CAM) therapies after completion of allopathic therapy for breast cancer. These were women in the Portland OR area who were diagnosed an average of 3.5 years earlier.

10 Nov

A study at the Integrative Medicine Program at The University of Arizona demonstrates the effectiveness of Chinese medicine, body work and guided imagery in the treatment of uterine fibroid tumors.

Lewis Mehl-Madrona MD at the Program in Integrative Medicine of the University of Arizona in Tucson, compared a combination of CAM therapies to conventional treatment for uterine fibroids. Thirty-seven menstruating women, aged 24 to 45 years, with palpable uterine fibroids were enrolled in the study. Half received weekly traditional Chinese medicine, body therapy (somatic therapy, bodywork), and guided imagery for up to 6 months. The other half, matched controls, received standard care. The women were checked for changes in fibroid size, changes in bothersome symptoms, and general level of patient satisfaction.

15 Aug

A 1995 study published in the Journal of Holistic Nursing (vol.13: pp255-267) showed that postpartum depression in new mothers is alleviated by guided imagery. The research with 60 first-time mothers showed that those who practiced guided imagery during the first 4 weeks after giving birth had less anxiety and depression and more self-esteem and confidence than their counterparts who did not use guided imagery.

Citation: B. Rees. Effect of Relaxation with Guided Imagery on Anxiety, Depression and Self-Esteem in Primiparas. Journal of Holistic Nursing. 1995(Vol 13):255-67.

15 Aug

In a study at the Beth Israel Medical Center in Boston, Alice Domar and her team randomly assigned 184 women who had been trying to get pregnant for 1-2 years into 3 groups: a 10-session cognitive-behavioral group, a standard support group, or a routine care control group. They were followed for 1 year to see how many became pregnant. Sixty-four women discontinued participation in the study. A total of 47 women in the cognitive-behavioral group became pregnant, and 48 in the support group, as opposed to only 25 in the control group. Because these are statistically significant differences, the study concludes that group psychological interventions appear to lead to increased pregnancy rates in infertile women.

Citation: Domar AD, Clapp D, Slawsby EA, Dusek J, Kessel B, and Freizinger M. Impact of group psychological interventions on pregnancy rates in infertile women. Fertility and Sterility, 2000 Jul;74(1):190.

15 Aug

The effects of guided imagery on comfort of women with early stage breast cancer undergoing radiation therapy.

Katherine Kolcaba, PhD, RN (U of Akron) and Christine Fox, PhD, (U of Toledo) found guided imagery to be an effective intervention for increasing comfort and reducing anxiety in 53 women with early stage breast cancer undergoing Radiation Therapy. The investigators designed and recorded imagery specifically for this study. Subjects were most likely to listen just before a treatment.

Citation: Kolcaba K, Fox C. The effects of guided imagery on comfort of women with early stage breast cancer undergoing radiation therapy. Oncol Nurs Forum. 1999 Jan-Feb; 26(1):67-72

15 Aug

In a randomized clinical trial at The Ruttenberg Cancer Center, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, to determine if brief presurgical hypnosis on breast biopsy patients helps with postsurgery pain and distress, 20 biopsy patients were randomly assigned to a hypnosis or control group (standard care). The study found that the brief hypnosis did reduce postsurgery pain and Distress and suggested that presurgery expectations influenced and mediated this outcome.

Citation: Montgomery GH, Weltz CR, Seltz M, Bovbjer DH. Brief presurgery hypnosis reduces distress and pain in excisional breast biopsy patients. International Journal of Clinicial and Experimental Hypnosis. 2002 Jan;50(1): pp.17-32.

15 Aug

Twenty patients awaiting breast biopsy at a Kentucky Correctional Facility were randomly assigned to either 20 minutes of music therapy in the pre-op holding area or standard care. Their blood pressure, heart rate, respiration and anxiety levels were measured before and after the intervention. This pilot study showed that the anxiety and respiratory rates of the patients in the music condition were significantly lower than the controls.

Citation: Haun M, Mainous RO, Looney SW. Effect of Music on Anxiety of Women Awaiting Breast Biopsy. Behavioral Medicine, 2001. Fall; (3): pp. 127-132.

14 Aug

Katherine Kolcaba, PhD, RN (U of Akron) and Christine Fox, PhD, (U of Toledo) found guided imagery to be an effective intervention for increasing comfort and reducing anxiety in 53 women with early stage breast cancer undergoing Radiation Therapy. The investigators designed and recorded imagery specifically for this study. Subjects were most likely to listen just before a treatment.

Citation: Kolcaba K, Fox C. The effects of guided imagery on comfort of women with early stage breast cancer undergoing radiation therapy. Oncol Nurs Forum. 1999 Jan-Feb; 26(1):67-72